In the field of writing, there are various features that facilitate its creation. These features work hand in hand in order to give the work a position that it deserves in the literary field.
One of these features is Meter. Meter refers to the recurrence of a prominent feature, in regular units, in a sequence of speech sounds. Meter forms an important part of study in order to analyze a piece of work effectively and in order to yourself come up with a beautiful piece of writing.
Therefore, it becomes important to study and while studying it literature students may encounter problem and may need assignment help usa .
Various research paper writings were studied, and conclusions drawn as to the existence of four types of meters in European language:
1. In the classical Latin and Greek, meter was quantitative, that is, established by the relative duration of the utterance of a syllable, and constituted of recurring patterns of long as well as short syllables.
2. In other Roman languages and French, the meter is syllabic, depending upon the number of syllables within a line of verses without considering the fall of the stresses.
3. The meter is a accentual in the old Germanic languages as well as Old English, depending upon the number of stressed syllables within a line, not taking into consideration the interference of the number of unstressed syllables.
4. The last type combines the features of the previous two types and is accentual syllabic, in which the metric units consist of a recurrent pattern of stresses on a recurrent number if syllables.
This stress and syllable type has been the prominent meter in the field of poetry, since the fourteenth century.
The study of the theory and practice of meter is known as metrics. Through years, there has been a considerable dispute as to the decision of the most valid or useful way to classify and analyze English meters.
A traditional accentual syllabus one was used widely in the English poetry from Chaucer to the present.
In the speaking of the English language, we see a recognizable although a varying pattern in the beat of stresses or accents in speech sounds. This is known as rhythm. In meter, the rhythm is structured into recurrence of regular units of stress patterns. A verse is a composition written in meter.
While we read, we understand the usage of stronger an speaker stresses on syllables in the words in a sentence. The stronger ones are the stresses syllables while the weaker ones are the unstressed ones. There are three factors that determine the fall of stresses in a particular sentence:
1. One of the most important ones is the word accent in word of more than one syllable. For example, in the main accent, the stress falls on the first syllable.
2. In a language there are various monosyllabic words, and the determination of where the stress will fall depends upon the grammatical function of the word. For example, we put a stronger stress on nouns,
verbs and adjectives than on articles and prepositions; and also depends upon the emphasis we give on the word, which is also called, rhetorical accent, because we want to enhance its importance in the particular utterance.
3. There is a third determinant of the perceived stress, which is the metrical accent, which is the beat that we have come to expect in accordance with the stress pattern that was established in the metrical composition, earlier.
If there is a drastic alteration between the prevailing stress pattern and the normal accents it is known as wrenched accent. This may be the result of lack of metrical skills;
however this process was conventional in the cases of folk ballads and was sometime used to produce a comic effect as done in Lord Byron’s ‘Don Juan’.
It is possible to distinguish a number of degrees of syllabus stress in English speech, but the most common ways of analyzing and classifying the standard English meters is binary-
that is distinction between just two categories- strong and weak stress and then grouping is done into metric feet according to the patterning of these two degrees.
A foot is the combination of a strong stress and the related weak stress or stress that together make up the recurrent metric unit of a line.
Students seeking effective assignment help on the topic must remember the four standard feet distinguished in English are:
1. Iambic- Here an unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed one. For example, as seen in Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.
2. Anapestic- Here two unstressed syllables are followed by a stressed one.
3. Trochaic- Here a stressed syllable is followed by an unstressed one.
4. Dactylic- Here one stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed ones.
Since, in case of iambs and anapests, the strong stress is at the end, they are called rising meter. In case of trochees and dactyls, the strong stress is at the beginning otherwise they are called falling meter.
Iambs and trochees are called duple meter since they have two syllables while anapests and dactyls are called triple meter since they have three syllables.
A metrical line is named according to the number of feet composing it:
- One foot- monometer
- Two feet- dimeter
- Three feet- trimeter
- Four feet- tetrameter
- Five feet- pentameter
- Six feet- hexameter
- Seven feet- heptameter
- Eight feet- octameter
In order to describe the meter of a line, we name the predominant foot and the number of feet it contains. Another important term in the study of meter is caesura.
Caesura refers to a strong phrasal pause that falls within a line. Various research paper writing state that the management of these pauses is important for giving variety and for providing expressive emphasis on the long pentameter line.
In the end, we need to understand that the various varieties studied above are essential for the composition of a successful piece of writing. They together add beauty and variety to such a piece and offer a food for thought to the readers.